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Advanced historical research has incorporated: organisational theory, operational research, cybernetic and systems modelling, statistical analysis and geospatial analyses through GIS mapping software. 


[Hitler's Bandit Hunters]

With Professor Richard Holmes  as my supervisor at Cranfield University, my PhD thesis looked at on Nazi Occupation Security in Eastern Europe and Soviet Russia 1942-45

Birds of Prey has taken 10 years to research. I used GIS to explore the social histories of troop movements, German hunting, the environment, and colonialism - proving that genocidal atrocities were committed by the Luftwaffe.

I'm currently working on my next book, which will be a collections of essays that explore German Security Warfare - 1860-2021.

If you'd like to stay updated, click the button below to send me an email.


Birds of Prey


[German security warfare] 

My work


What is GIS?

For my new book, Birds of Prey, I used GIS and maps to analyse 10 years of collected research. 

GIS - a Geographic Information System - is a computer system that uses software to blend information with the high, visual impact of a map.

GIS lets people create, manage and analyse complex data in a way that makes it easier to reveal new insights – particularly when it comes to where things are happening, may happen, or have happened in the past.


GIS makes it possible to connect different forms of data and sources, mapping patterns and relationships.


In military history, GIS can be applied to battles, skirmishes, and occupations. It replaces the traditional flags on maps history with dynamic interpretations and leading inferences.


In Holocaust history, GIS helps to explain deportations, ghetto/camp population diversity and clusters of killing actions such as developed in the ‘Holocaust by bullets'.

In Birds of Prey, I used GIS to visualise events that explain how operational training incorporated killing actions and where troops deployed in security duties.

I publish content regularly on, and welcome comments on any or all of the work there. 


Kurt Daluege and the Militarisation of the Ordnungspolizei

Taken from "Conflict & Legality: Policing mid-twentieth century Europe" (2003), this chapter examines Kurt Daluege's influence in militarising the police.

It focuses on the transition from 'community police' to 'racial police' and the subsequent roles in the Holocaust and combat operations during the war.

Essay in memory of Richard Holmes and Martin Edmonds

On an August afternoon in 1997, I was having tea with Professor Richard Holmes, the soldier-gentleman of British military history. We were talking about my proposal for PhD research, Hitler's Bandenbekämpfung. It was a formative conversation. This essay was written in memory of both Richard, and of Martin Edmonds.


Hitler's Bandit Hunters

In 2006, I published Hitler’s Bandit Hunters (Bandenbekämpfung): The SS and the Nazi Occupation of Europe. This book looks at the evolution of German rear security policies during the Second World War, from Partisanenkreig (partisan warfare) to Bandenbekämpfung (bandit fighting), leading to mass crimes against humanity and genocide.

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